National Electric Bike Law and Policy

In recent years, electric bicycles have developed rapidly around the world and become a popular means of transportation in modern urban life. Compared with traditional bicycles, electric bicycles have obvious advantages in energy saving, environmental protection, convenience and speed, so they are favored by consumers. However, for the use of electric bicycles, different countries and regions have their own different laws and regulations. Favoto will focus on the laws and regulations on electric bicycles in each state in the United States in order to better understand the regulations and restrictions on the use of electric bicycles in the United States.

Ebike Classes

Class 1
This is an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
Class 2
This is an ebike equipped with a motor that provides assistance by using both PAS and throttle, and can reach top speeds of 20 mph.
Class 3
This is an ebike equipped with a motor that provides assistance by using both PAS and throttle, and can reach top speeds of 28 mph.

States Laws for Ebike

As of January 2023, 40 states have adopted a three-level electric vehicle classification system to better manage and regulate the use of electric bicycles. The classification standards for Class III electric vehicles in these regions may be different, so when using electric bicycles in specific regions, it is recommended to check the local laws and regulations for detailed requirements and restrictions.

Alabama Iowa Nevada Texas
Arizona Kansas New Hampshire Utah
Arkansas Louisiana New Jersey Vermont
California Maine New Mexico Virginia
Connecticut Maryland New York Washington
Delaware Massachusetts North Dakota West Virginia
Georgia Michigan Ohio Wisconsin
Idaho Minnesota Oklahoma Wyoming
Illinois Mississippi South Dakota
Indiana Missouri Tennessee

Electric Bike Laws - State by State

Since each state in the United States has different legislation and policy systems, there are also differences in laws and regulations for electric bicycles. Knowing the differences and details of these policies can help e-bike users and potential users better understand their rights and responsibilities when riding in different states. Please refer to the following documents for details: 

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. Arkansas
  5. California
  6. Colorado
  7. Connecticut
  8. Delaware
  9. Florida
  10. Georgia
  11. Hawaii
  12. Idaho
  13. Illinois
  14. Indiana
  15. Iowa
  16. Kansas
  17. Kentucky
  18. Louisiana
  19. Maine
  20. Maryland
  21. Massachusetts
  22. Michigan
  23. Minnesota
  24. Mississippi
  25. Missouri
  26. Montana
  27. Nebraska
  28. Nevada
  29. New Hampshire
  30. New Jersey
  31. New Mexico
  32. New York
  33. North Carolina
  34. North Dakota
  35. Ohio
  36. Oklahoma
  37. Oregon
  38. Pennsylvania
  39. Rhode Island
  40. South Carolina
  41. South Dakota
  42. Tennessee
  43. Texas
  44. Utah
  45. Vermont
  46. Virginia
  47. Washington
  48. Washington DC
  49. West Virginia
  50. Wisconsin
  51. Wyoming

*Content quoted from peopleforbike. For other detailed legal provisions, please refer to peopleforbike.org